Capabilities and Attributes of Fabrics
Fabric Engineering Guide
Fiber Content - Nylon, Polyester, Cotton, Rayon, PLA, Acetate, Carbon, Nomex.
Yarn Type-Filament Yarns are yarns produced through the extrusion process. The filament is continuous from beginning to end. There is no "hairiness" to the product made from filament yarns unless it is intentionally applied post finishing.
Yarn Type - Spun Yarns are produced from short pieces of yarn and spun into a single strand. Upon examination the spun yarn reveals the ends of the short pieces sticking up.
Yarn Size - Yarn size is the single largest determining factor in weight and opacity of fabric. Our fabrics run in the range of 15 denier-150 denier.
Yarn Luster - Yarn may be bright, dull or semi dull, usually dependent on the customer's aesthetic requirements.
Filament Count - Filament count effects the hand of the finished fabric; the higher the count, the softer the hand. Filament count also affects the appearance of the finished fabric with lower filament counts affecting a leaner appearance.
Yarn Color - Yarns can be dyed by the manufacturer prior to fabric formation thereby achieving high colorfastness and color consistency from lot to lot.
Specialty Yarn Properties - Flame Retardency, Moisture Management, Recycled, Stretch, Anti Microbial, Anti Static
Fabric Width - Warp knit fabrics of our manufacture have the distinct advantage of being delivered to the customer in widths from as low as 1/4" to 220". In order to achieve widths of less than 36", our fabrics generally require a post production slitting process.
Fabric Weight - Fabric weight is the single largest determining factor in performance and cost. Fabric weights produced on our equipment can range from .45 ounces per square yard to 8.5 ounces per square yard.
Fabric Coloration - Fabrics may be dyed after they are manufactured into virtually any color or they may be left in their natural state. Colors can be submitted for matching by the customer on other fabrics, other products or Pantone number. We have a wide variety of colors in our archives from which customers can choose. In some cases, solution dyed yarns can be used instead of fabric finishing achieving extremely consistent color matching from lot to lot or very high color fastness.
Heatset - The fundamental principle of yarns used in manufacturing our product line is that in order to change the permanent shape of our fabrics, heat must be applied in excess of heat previously applied. Low heats during fabric processing will allow low heats used by customers to change the shape of the fabric. Fabrics can be permanently molded into shape by the customer by the application of heat in excess of our processing temperatures. Processing temperatures can be dictated by customer needs.
Surface Treatment - Fabrics can be printed for appearance, embossed for texture and appearance, brushed for softness.
Finish and Hand - Finishing additives can be used to achieve hands from very soft to very firm for a variety of end uses. Finishes may be water soluble or not.
Finishing Additives - Additives can be specified in our finishing processes to achieve: Flame Retardency, Anti Static, Anti Microbial, and Wicking/Moisture Management